Jean I Duc de Berry, Comte de Poitou

Jean I Duc de Berry, Comte de Poitou[1, 2]

Mand 1340 - 1416  (75 år)

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  • Slægtskabmed Bengt Knud Holbek
    Født 30 nov. 1340  Château de Vincennes, France  
    Køn Mand 
    Død 15 jun. 1416  Paris, France  
    Søskende 6 søskende 
    • John of Berry or John the Magnificent (French: Jean de Berry; 30 November 1340 – 15 June 1416) was Duke of Berry and Auvergne and Count of Poitiers and Montpensier. He was the third son of King John II of France and Bonne of Luxemburg; his brothers were King Charles V of France, Duke Louis I of Anjou and Duke Philip the Bold of Burgundy. He is primarily remembered for the very important illuminated manuscripts and other works of art commissioned by him, above all the Très Riches Heures.

      He was born at Vincennes on 30 November 1340. Upon the death of his older brother Charles V in 1382, his son and heir, Charles VI was a minor, so Berry and his brothers, along with the king's maternal uncle the Duke of Bourbon acted as regents. Following the death of Louis of Anjou in 1384, Berry and his brother Burgundy were the dominant figures in the kingdom. The king ended the regency and took power into his own hands in 1388, giving the governance of the kingdom largely to his father's former ministers, who were political enemies of the king's powerful uncles. Berry and Burgundy bided their time, and were soon able to retake power, in 1392, when the King had his first attack of insanity, an affliction which would remain with him throughout his life. The two royal dukes continued to rule until 1402, when the king, in one of his moments of lucidity, took power from them and gave it to his brother Louis, Duke of Orléans.

      Simon of Cramaud, a canonist and prelate, served the Duke in his efforts to find a way to end the Great Western schism that was not unfavorable to French interests.

      In his later years, John became a more conciliatory figure in France. After the death of Philip the Bold in 1404, he was the last survivor of the sons of King John, and generally tried to play the role of a peacemaker between the factions of his nephews Orléans and John the Fearless. After the murder of Orléans at the orders of the Duke of Burgundy, Berry generally took the Orléanist or Armagnac side in the civil war that erupted, but was always a moderate figure, attempting to reconcile the two sides and promote internal peace. It was largely due to his urging that Charles VI and his sons were not present at the Battle of Agincourt in 1415. Remembering his father's fate as a captive after the Battle of Poitiers 59 years before, Berry feared the fate of France should the king and his heirs be taken captive and successfully prevented their participation. He died a few months after the battle, which proved as disastrous as he had feared. [3]
    Person-ID I42  Skeel-Holbek | ane til Elsebet Bruun, ane til H. M. Dr. Margrethe II.
    Sidst ændret 15 feb. 2012 

    Far Jean II (the Good) de Valois (le Bon) King of France,   f. 26 apr. 1319, Gué-de-Maulin, France ,   d. 8 apr. 1364, London, England  (Alder 44 år) 
    Mor Judith (Bonne) of Bohemia,   f. 20 maj 1315, Praha (Prag), Böhmen, Czech Republic ,   d. 11 sep. 1349, Maubuisson, France  (Alder 34 år) 
    Gift 28 mar. 1332  Melun, France  
    Familie-ID F38  Gruppeskema  |  Familietavle

    Familie Jeanne d'Armagnac,   f. 1348, Frankrig, France ,   d. 15 mar. 1387, Frankrig, France  (Alder 39 år) 
    Gift 24 jun. 1360  Carcassonne, France  
     1. Charles de Berry, Comte de Montpensier,   f. ca. 1362, Bourges, France ,   d. eft. 1382, Frankrig, France  (Alder ~ 21 år)
     2. Jean II de Berry,   f. Skønnet 1363, Frankrig, France ,   d. før 15 jun. 1416, Frankrig, France  (Alder ~ 53 år)
     3. Louis de Berry,   f. ca. 1364, Frankrig, France ,   d. eft. jul. 1383, Frankrig, France  (Alder ~ 19 år)
    +4. Bonne de Berry,   f. 1365, Frankrig, France ,   d. 30 dec. 1435, Frankrig, France  (Alder 70 år)
    +5. Marie de Berry,   f. 1370, Frankrig, France ,   d. jun. 1434, Lyon, France  (Alder 64 år)
    Sidst ændret 22 sep. 2008 
    Familie-ID F37  Gruppeskema  |  Familietavle

  • Begivenhedskort Klik for at vise
    mere infoFødt - 30 nov. 1340 - Château de Vincennes, France  Link
    mere infoGift - 24 jun. 1360 - Carcassonne, France  Link
    mere infoDød - 15 jun. 1416 - Paris, France  Link
     = Link 

  • Royale
    Comte de Poitiers Jean I 'de Berry'
    Jean I Duc de Berry, Comte de Poitou

    Steder - Places
    Son château de Saumur
    Son château de Saumur
    par les frères Limbourg dans les "Très Riches Heures du duc de Berry" (mi-15e) (image:R.S.)

  • Kilder 
    1. [S19] Leo van de Pas, genealogics. Cahiers de Saint Louis , Dupont, Jacques and Saillot, Jacques, Reference: page 6/29.

    2. [S19] Leo van de Pas, genealogics. Europäische Stammtafeln, Band II, Frank Baron Freytag von Loringhoven, 1975, Isenburg, W. K. Prinz von, Reference: page 16.

    3. [S15] den frie encyklopædi. Wikipedia.