Charlemagne Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire748 - 814 (66 år)
Navn Charlemagne Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire
- Kaiser Karl der Grosse
Født 747-748 France (Frankrig) Køn Mand Død 28 jan. 814 Aachen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany Notater
- Charlemagne, Latin: Carolus Magnus or Karolus Magnus, meaning Charles the Great) (747 - 28 January 814) was King of the Franks from 768 to his death. He expanded the Frankish kingdoms into a Frankish Empire that incorporated much of Western and Central Europe. During his reign, he conquered Italy and was crowned Imperator Augustus by Pope Leo III on 25 December 800 as a rival of the Byzantine Emperor in Constantinople. His rule is also associated with the Carolingian Renaissance, a revival of art, religion, and culture through the medium of the Catholic Church. Through his foreign conquests and internal reforms, Charlemagne helped define both Western Europe and the Middle Ages. He is numbered as Charles I in the regnal lists of France, Germany, and the Holy Roman Empire.
The son of King Pippin the Short and Bertrada of Laon, he succeeded his father and co-ruled with his brother Carloman I. The latter got on badly with Charlemagne, but war was prevented by the sudden death of Carloman in 771. Charlemagne continued the policy of his father towards the papacy and became its protector, removing the Lombards from power in Italy, and waging war on the Saracens, who menaced his realm from Spain. It was during one of these campaigns that Charlemagne experienced the worst defeat of his life, at Roncesvalles (778). He also campaigned against the peoples to his east, especially the Saxons, and after a protracted war subjected them to his rule. By forcibly converting them to Christianity, he integrated them into his realm and thus paved the way for the later Ottonian dynasty.
Person-ID I12466 Skeel-Schaffalitzky Sidst ændret 17 dec. 2015
Far Pippin (the Short) King of the Franks, f. 714, d. 24 sep. 768, Saint-Denis, France (Age 54 år) Mor Bertrada au grand pied, f. 720, Laon, France , d. 12 jul. 783, Choisy, France (Age 63 år) Gift ca. 749 Familie-ID F5746 Gruppeskema | Familie Tavle
Familie Hildegardis (de Vinzgau), f. 2 maj 757-30 april 761, France (Frankrig) , d. 30 apr. 783, France (Frankrig) (Age 22 år) Gift 771 Børn + 1. Pepin I (Karlmann) King of Italy, f. 777, Italy (Italien) , d. 8 jul. 810, Milano, Italy (Age 33 år) + 2. Louis I (the Pious) Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, f. 16 apr. 778, France (Frankrig) , d. 20 jun. 840, Island in the Rhine (Age 62 år) Familie-ID F5744 Gruppeskema | Familie Tavle
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